836 million peopleliving under poverty line: UN official
September 15, 2015 (New York) - Nonetheless, 836 million people, representing 14 percent of the developing world’s population, are still extremely poor, saidHead of Development Planning and Inclusive Growth Team Bureau for Policy and Programme Support, UNDP, New York, BabatundeOmilola.
He said,the majority of the extreme poor are in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and Asia. 795 million people around the world are still chronically undernourished and, in 2013, around 161 million children under five years of age were stunted.
Globally, the poverty target was achieved five years ahead of schedule (2010). Progress in reducing hunger has been slower, with the hunger target having been missed by a small margin.
Strong economic growth in some large economies contributed importantly to reaching the poverty goal, but in many parts of the world growth has been insufficiently rapid and/or insufficiently inclusive.
The new 2030 Agenda for sustainable development highlights the strong commitment to ending poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including by eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. It also emphasizes the determination to end hunger and to achieve food security as a matter of priority and to end all forms of malnutrition.Progress in reducing poverty and hunger has been deeply uneven in different parts of the world and different geographic locations.
The number of people living on less than US$1.25 a day in the world has halved since 1990, with around 700 million people lifted out of extreme poverty.Nonetheless, 836 million people, representing 14 percent of the developing world’s population, are still extremely poor.
“The majority of the extreme poor are in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and Asia. 795 million people around the world are still chronically undernourished and, in 2013, around 161 million children under five years of age were stunted” he said.
Micronutrient deficiencies affect 2 billion people, while 1.4 billion people are overweight, of whom 500 million are obese. 70%of the world’s poor depend on natural resources for all or part of their livelihood.
Approximately three-quarters of the world’s poor live in rural areas, with the share even higher in low-income countries.Reducing by half the number of poor people as nationally defined (target 1.2) and ending all forms of malnutrition (target 2.2) will require developed and developing countries to take focused actions including addressing the structural causes of poverty, hunger and malnutrition.
Feeding a growing world population, expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050, will require increasing food production by 60 percent.
It is estimated that it would take an additional US $267 billion annually to end extreme poverty and hunger by 2030.
Risks associated with climate change and disasters are closely interlinked with poverty eradication efforts. Around 42 million human life years are lost in internationally reported disasters each year.(oki)
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